The Historical Ecology Handbook
A Restorationist's Guide To Reference Ecosystems
A fundamental aspect of the work of ecosystem restoration is to rediscover the past and bring it into the present -- to determine what needs to be restored, why it was lost, and how best to make it live again. Yet until now, there has been no guide to the various techniques available for determining that information and how those techniques can be used.
For the first time, The Historical Ecology Handbook makes essential connections between past and future ecosystems, bringing together leading experts to offer a much-needed introduction to the field of historical ecology and its practical application by on-the-ground restorationists.
The book begins with an overview chapter that introduces important concepts from ecology and restoration, and discusses various factors that need to be taken into account when attempting to discover and use historical information. Following that is a chapter-by-chapter presentation of individual techniques focusing on both culturally derived evidence (documents, maps, photographs, land surveys, oral history) and biological records (woodlot surveys, tree rings, pollen, packrat middens, opal phytoliths, animal remains, records of changes in soil and hydrology). Each chapter is written by a leading expert and offers essential background, tools, and resources needed for using the technique in a restoration effort. The book ends with four in-depth case studies that demonstrate how various combinations of techniques have been used in restoration projects.
Case studies are from Nantucket, the Indiana Dunes, the Greater Grand Canyon Region, and the San Francisco Area Historical Project. Among the contributors are M. Kat Anderson, Kenneth L. Cole, Owen K. Davis, Peter W. Dunwiddie, Robin Grossinger, Michael L. Morrison, Michael J. O'Brien, Thomas W. Swetnam, Stanley W. Trimble, Gordon G. Whitney, and many others.
The Historical Ecology Handbook is a unique and groundbreaking guide to determining historic reference conditions of a landscape. It offers an invaluable compendium of tools and techniques, and will be essential reading for anyone working in the field of ecological restoration.
Chapter 1. Archaeology, Paleoecology, and Ecological Restoration
Chapter 2. The Contribution of Ethnobiology to the Reconstruction and Restoration of Historic Ecosystems
Chapter 3. The Pleasures and Pitfalls of Written Records
Chapter 4. Oral History: A Guide to Its Creation and Use
Chapter 5. Maps and Photographs
Chapter 6. Government Land Office Survey and Other Early Land Surveys
PART II. Biological Evidence
Chapter 7. Inferring Forest Stand History from Observational Field Evidence
Chapter 8. Using Dendrochronology to Reconstruct the History of Forest and Woodland Ecosystems
Chapter 9. Palynology: An Important Tool for Discovering Historic Ecosystems
Chapter 10. Packrat Middens as Tool for Resconstructing Historic Ecosystems
Chapter 11. Techniques for Discovering Historic Animal Assemblages
Chapter 12. Geomorphology, Hydrology, and Soils
Chapter 13. Inferring Vegetation History from Phytoliths
PART III. Synthesis: Cases Studies Using Reference Conditions
Chapter 14. Using Historical Data in Ecological Restoration: A Case Study from Nantucket
Chapter 15. A Multiple-scale History of Past and Ongoing Vegetation Change within the Indiana Dunes
Chapter 16. Implementing the Archeo-environmental Reconstruction Technique: A Case Study from the Greater Grand Canyon Region
Chapter 17. Documenting Local Landscape Change: The San Francisco Area Historical Project
About the Contributors