Invasive Species in a Changing World
Changing patterns of global commerce are leading to the breakdown of biogeographic barriers that have historically kept the floras and faunas of different continents separate. Some introduced species not only take hold in their new foreign habitat but also become aggressive; these -- invasives -- can exact a serious toll on ecosystem diversity and processes. Global changes -- including changes in atmospheric composition, land use patterns,and fire regimes -- are likely to foster the success of invaders in coming decades.
Invasive Species in a Changing World brings together leading scientists from around the world -- including Carla M. D'Antonio, Jeffrey McNeely, Robert Sutherst, David Richardson, and others -- to examine the invasive species phenomenon and to consider the mutual interactions between global change and invasives that are likely to occur over the next century. Invasive Species in a Changing World: offers a comprehensive look at the status of freshwater, marine, and terrestrial ecosystems in relation to invasives; examines physical factors that will influence the future success ofinvading species; considers the tools available to track changing patterns and movements; looks at human dimensions including human health effects, and effects on crops; describes the problem in different parts of the world.
Contributors focus on the proposition that global change will exacerbate the invasive species problem, and set forth the idea that invasives are themselves a global change element that need to be considered in global change scenarios.
Invasive Species in a Changing World provides readers with the background and knowledge they need to begin developing strategies to combat the invasive species problem, and is essential reading for anyone concerned with the impact of invasive species on ecosystem health and functioning.
PART I: Dimensions of the Problem
Chapter 1. Freshwater Nonindigenous Species: Interactions with Other Global Changes
Chapter 2. Global Change and Biological Invasions in the Ocean
Chapter 3. Land-Use Changes and Invasions
Chapter 4. Fire, Plant Invasions, and Global Changes
Chapter 5. Will the Increasing Atmospheric CO2 Concentration Affect the Success of Invasive Species?
Chapter 6. Microevolutionary Influences of Global Changes on Plant Invasions
Chapter 7. Assessing the Extent, Status, and Dynamism of Plant Invasions: Current and Emerging Approaches
PART II: Societal Impacts
Chapter 8. The Future of Alien Species: Changing Social Views
Chapter 9. Global Changes, Invasive Species, and Human Health
Chapter 10. Climate Change and Invasive Species: A Conceptual Framework
Chapter 11. The Economics of Alien Species Invasions
Chapter 12. Valuing Ecosystem Services Lost to Tamarix Invasion in the United States
PART III: Regional Examples
Chapter 13. Invasive Alien Species and Global Change: A South African Perspective
Chapter 14. Plant Invasions in Germany: General Aspects and Impact of Nitrogen Deposition
Chapter 15. Invasive Species and Environmental Changes in New Zealand
Chapter 16. Plant Invasions in Chile: Present Patterns and Future Predictions \ Mary T. Kalin Arroyo, Clodomiro Marticorena, Oscar Matthei, and Lohengrin Cavieres
PART IV: Summary
Chapter 17. Global Change and Invasive Species: Where Do We Go From Here?