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All Ebook Formats $34.99 ISBN: 9781597266154
Hardcover $70.00 ISBN: 9781559631044 Published February 2007
Paperback $37.50 ISBN: 9781559631051 Published February 2007


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Parks and Carrying Capacity

Commons Without Tragedy

 Parks and Carrying Capacity
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Robert E. Manning

328 pages | 6 x 9
How much can we use the environment without spoiling what we find so valuable about it? Determining the carrying capacity of parks and related areas is a perennial question whose urgency grows each year as the number of visits continues to increase. Parks and Carrying Capacity represents a comprehensive assessment of the issue, as it:
  • offers a historical and conceptual treatment of carrying capacity
  • describes and illustrates research approaches for assessing carrying capacity, including qualitative and quantitative surveys, normative theory and methods, visual research approaches, trade-off analysis, and simulation modeling
  • examines management alternatives for limiting the environmental and social impacts of visitor use
  • considers the broader question of environmental management and how the issue of carrying capacity can be applied more generally
  • discusses how the theory and methods associated with managing the carrying capacity of parks and protected areas might be extended to other areas of environmental management
The book includes a series of case studies that describe research programs designed to support analysis and management of carrying capacity at eight diverse units of the U.S. National Park System, and an additional case study that explores how the foundational components of carrying capacity (formulating indicators and standards, monitoring, and adaptive management) are being applied in an increasing number of environmental and natural resources fields to address the growing urgency of sustainability.

Parks and Carrying Capacity is an important new work for faculty, graduate and undergraduate students, and researchers in outdoor recreation, park planning and management, and natural resource conservation and management, as well as for professional planners and managers involved with park and outdoor recreation related agencies and nongovernmental organizations.
PART I. From Commons to Carrying Capacity
Chapter 1. The Tragedy of the Commons
Chapter 2. Carrying Capacity of Parks and Protected Areas
Chapter 3. Indicators and Standards
PART II. Research to Support Application of Carrying Capacity
Chapter 4.  Identifying Indicators for Parks and Protected Areas 
Chapter 5.  Normative Standards for Indicator Variables
Chapter 6.  Visual Research Methods
Chapter 7.  Tradeoffs in Park and Outdoor Recreation Management
Chapter 8.  Computer Simulation Modeling of Visitor Use
PART III. Case Studies of Measuring and Managing Carrying Capacity 
Chapter 9.  Managing Recreation at Acadia National Park
Chapter 10.  Day-Use Social Carrying Capacity of  Yosemite Valley
Chapter 11.  Wilderness Camping at Isle Royale National Park
Chapter 12.  Indicators and Standards at Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area
Chapter 13.  Estimating Carrying Capacity of Alcatraz Island
Chapter 14.  Defining and Managing the Quality of the Visitor Experience at Muir Woods National Monument
Chapter 15.  Wilderness Management at Zion National Park
Chapter 16.  Indicators and Standards for Cultural Resources at  Mesa Verde National Park
PART IV. Managing Carrying Capacity  
Chapter 17.  Alternative Management Practices
Chapter 18.  Evaluating the Effectiveness of Management Practices
PART V. Beyond Parks and Protected Areas 
 Chapter 19.  Indicators and Standards of Sustainability 
Conclusion  2
Appendix A. Indicators for Parks and Protected Areas
Appendix B. Standards for Parks and Protected Areas
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