A Pivotal Moment
Population, Justice, and the Environmental Challenge
Through a series of essays by leading demographers, environmentalists and reproductive health advocates, A Pivotal Moment offers a new perspective on the complex connection between population dynamics and environmental quality. It presents the latest research on the relationship between population growth and climate change, ecosystem health and other environmental issues. It surveys the new demographic landscape—in which population growth rates have fallen, but human numbers continue to increase. It looks back at the lessons learned from half a century of population policy—and forward to propose twenty-first century population policies that are sustainable and just.
A Pivotal Moment puts forth the concept of “population justice,” which is inspired by reproductive justice and environmental justice movements. Population justice holds that inequality is a root cause of both rapid population growth and environmental degradation. As the authors in this volume explain, to slow population growth and build a sustainable future, women and men need access to voluntary family planning and other reproductive health services. They need education and employment opportunities, especially for women. Population justice means tackling the deep inequities—both gender and economic—that are associated with rapid population growth and unsustainable resource consumption. Where family planning is available, where couples are confident their children will survive, where girls go to school, where young men and women have economic opportunity—there couples will have healthier and smaller families.
Chapter 2. The Largest Generation Comes of Age
Chapter 3. People on the Move: Population, Migration, and the Environment
Chapter 4. The Urban Millennium
Chapter 6. Fair Weather, Lasting World
Chaper 7. Adapting to Climate Change: The Role of Reproductive Health
Chapter 8. Population Growth, Ecosystem Services, and Human Well-Being
Chapter 9. Numbers Matter: Human Population as a Dynamic Factor in Environmental Degradation
Chapter 10. Environmental Justice in an Urbanizing World
Chapter 11. The New Economics of Population Change
Chapter 12. Food: Will There Be Enough?
Chapter 13. Understanding the Global Food Crisis: Malthusian Nightmare or Free-Trade Fiasco?
Chapter 14. How Much Is Left? An Overview of the Water Crisis
Chapter 15. The Biggest Footprint: Population and Consumption in the United States
Chapter 16. Population Growth, Reproductive Health, and the Future of Africa
Chapter 17. Canc ún: Paradise Lost
Chapter 18. The Flip Side: How the Environment Impacts Our Reproductive Health
PART III. LOOKING BACK, MOVING FORWARD
Chapgter 19. Cairo: The Unfinished Revolution
Chapter 20. The New Population Challenge
Chapter 21. Rethinking U.S. Population Policy
Chapter 22. Going to Extremes: Population Politics and Reproductive Rights in Peru
Chapter 23. Mobilizing Constituencies to Achieve Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights for All
Chapter 24. Women at the Center
Chapter 25. Taking Stock: Linking Population, Health, and the Environment
Chapter 26. From Crisis to Sustainability
Chapter 28. Over-Breeders and the Population Bomb: The Reemergence of Nativism and Population Control in Anti-Immigration Policies
Chapter 29. Christian Perspectives on Population Issues
Chapter 30. Ecomorality: Toward an Ethic of Sustainability
Chapgter 31. Reconciling Differences: Population, Reproductive Rights, and the Environment