Innovative Parks for Resurgent Cities
For years American urban parks fell into decay due to disinvestment, but as cities began to rebound—and evidence of the economic, cultural, and health benefits of parks grew— investment in urban parks swelled. The U.S. Conference of Mayors recently cited meeting the growing demand for parks and open space as one of the biggest challenges for urban leaders today. It is now widely agreed that the U.S. needs an ambitious and creative plan to increase urban parklands.
Urban Green explores new and innovative ways for “built out” cities to add much-needed parks. Peter Harnik first explores the question of why urban parkland is needed and then looks at ways to determine how much is possible and where park investment should go. When presenting the ideas and examples for parkland, he also recommends political practices that help create parks.
The book offers many practical solutions, from reusing the land under defunct factories to sharing schoolyards, from building trails on abandoned tracks to planting community gardens, from decking parks over highways to allowing more activities in cemeteries, from eliminating parking lots to uncovering buried streams, and more. No strategy alone is perfect, and each has its own set of realities. But collectively they suggest a path toward making modern cities more beautiful, more sociable, more fun, more ecologically sound, and more successful.
Table of Contents
Part I. Of Cities and Parks
Chapter 1 How Much Parkland Should a City Have?
Chapter 2 The Different Kinds of Parks and Their Uses
Box 2.1 What People do in Parks
Chapter 3 Is it Acres, Facilities or Distance?
Box 3.1 How Far to a Park?: 14 Scenarios
Chapter 4 Parks and Their Competition
Chapter 5 Neighborhoods Are Not All Created Equal
Chapter 6 It's Not How Much but Who and Why?
Chapter 7 A Process Rather than a Standard
Chapter 8 Stop, Look and Listen
Chapter 9 Analyze and Prioritize
Chapter 10 Money and Time
Part II. Finding Park Space in the City
Chapter 11 Buying it
Chapter 12 Utilizing Urban Redevelopment
Chapter 13 Community Gardens
Chapter 14 Old Landfills
Chapter 15 Wetlands and Stormwater Storage Ponds
Chapter 16 Rail-Trails
Chapter 17 Rooftops
Chapter 18 Sharing Schoolyards
Chapter 19 Covering Reservoirs
Chapter 20 River and Stream Corridors
Chapter 21 Cemeteries
Chapter 22 Boulevards and Parkways
Chapter 23 Decking Highways
Chapter 24 Closing Streets and Roads
Chapter 25 Removing Parking
Chapter 26 Increasing Time
Appendix 1 Population Density (Largest Cities)
Appendix 2 Acres of Parkland per 1,000 Persons (Largest Cities)
Appendix 3 Parkland as Percent of City Area (Largest Cities)
Appendix 4 Spending per Resident on Parks and Recreation (Largest Cities)