Justice and Natural Resources

Justice and Natural Resources

Concepts, Strategies, and Applications

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Edited by Kathryn Mutz, Gary Bryner, and Douglas Kenney; Foreword by Gerald Torres

384 pages pages | 6 X 9 | 3 illustrations, 2 tables

Just over two decades ago, research findings that environmentally hazardous facilities were more likely to be sited near poor and minority communities gave rise to the environmental justice movement. Yet inequitable distribution of the burdens of industrial facilities and pollution is only half of the problem; poor and minority communities are often denied the benefits of natural resources and can suffer disproportionate harm from decisions about their management and use.

Justice and Natural Resources is the first book devoted to exploring the concept of environmental justice in the realm of natural resources. Contributors consider how decisions about the management and use of natural resources can exacerbate social injustice and the problems of disadvantaged communities. Looking at issues that are predominantly rural and western -- many of them involving Indian reservations, public lands, and resource development activities -- it offers a new and more expansive view of environmental justice.

The book begins by delineating the key conceptual dimensions of environmental justice in the natural resource arena. Following the conceptual chapters are contributions that examine the application of environmental justice in natural resource decision-making. Chapters examine:

  • how natural resource management can affect a range of stakeholders quite differently, distributing benefits to some and burdens to others
  • the potential for using civil rights laws to address damage to natural and cultural resources
  • the unique status of Native American environmental justice claims
  • parallels between domestic and international environmental justice
  • how authority under existing environmental law can be used by Federal regulators and communities to address a broad spectrum of environmental justice concerns

Justice and Natural Resources offers a concise overview of the field of environmental justice and a set of frameworks for understanding it. It expands the previously urban and industrial scope of the movement to include distribution of the burdens and access to the benefits of natural resources, broadening environmental justice to a truly nationwide concern.

List of Acronyms

List of Cases

List of Statutes

Foreword \ Gerald Torres, University of Texas School of Law




PART I. Frameworks

Chapter 1. Beyond "Traditional" Environmental Justice \ David H. Getches and David N. Pellow

Chapter 2. Assessing Claims of Environmental Justice: Conceptual Frameworks \ Gary C. Bryner

Chapter 3. Water, Poverty, Equity, and Justice in Colorado: A Pragmatic Approach \ James L. Wescoat Jr., Sarah Halvorson, Lisa Headington, and Jill Replogle

Chapter 4. International Environmental Protection: Human Rights and the North-South Divide \ Tseming Yang


PART II. Concepts

Chapter 5. The Coincidental Order of Environmental Injustice \ Jeff Romm 

Chapter 6. Environmental Justice in an Era of Devolved Collaboration \ Sheila Foster

Chapter 7. Tribal Sovereignty and Environmental Justice \ Sarah Krakoff


PART III. Strategies and Applications

Chapter 8. Expanding Civil Rights Protections in Contested Terrain: Using Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 \ Luke W. Cole

Chapter 9. Forest Management and Environmental Justice in Northern New Mexico \ Henry H. Carey

Chapter 10. NEPA in Indian Country: Compliance Requirement to Decision-Making Tool Dean B. Suagee

Chapter 11. A Framework to Assess Environmental Justice Concerns for Proposed Federal Projects \ Jan Buhrmann

Chapter 12. Protecting Natural Resources and the Issues of Environmental Justice \ Barry E. Hill and Nicholas Targ

Chapter 13. Mineral Development: Protecting the Land and Communities \ Kathryn M. Mutz


PART IV. Conclusion

Chapter 14. Hoping Against History: Environmental Justice in the Twenty-first Century \ Patricia Nelson Limerick


About the Authors


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384 pages pages | 6 X 9 | 3 illustrations, 2 tables
publication year: 
2 001