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Paola Malanotte-Rizzoli

Paola Malanotte-Rizzoli is a Professor of Physical Oceanography in the Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and past president of IAPSO.

Watersheds, Bays, and Bounded Seas

Watersheds, Bays, and Bounded Seas

The Science and Management of Semi-Enclosed Marine Systems

Some of the world’s most important bodies of water, from the Black Sea to the Bay of Bengal, are classified as “semi-enclosed marine systems” (SEMS). Separated from the open seas by a strait, island archipelago, or physical process, SEMS are...